By Bertrand Russell (extract of Proposed Roads To Freedom)

IN the popular mind, an Anarchist is a person who throws bombs and commits other outrages, either because he is more or less insane, or because he uses the pretense of extreme political opinions as a cloak for criminal proclivities. This view is, of course, in every way inadequate. Some Anarchists believe in throwing bombs; many do not.


Smart Search
Making it simple to find what you want





Topic: Bakunin, Mikhail

We think you'll really dig what you find!

Just click HERE to search for information on Bakunin, Mikhail

Bibliography: Mikhail Bakunin

Bakunin, M. (1895-1913). Oeuvres. Edited by J. 
Guillaume. 6 volumes. Paris: P.V. Stock. 
--- (1896). Correspondance de Michel Bakounine: lettres a 
        Herzen et a Ogareff (1860-1874). publiees avec preface 
        et annotations par Michel Dragomanov; tr. de Marie 
Paris: Perrin.
--- (1916). God and the State.  New York: Mother 
        Earth Publishing Association. 
--- (1920). God and the State.  ed. G. Aldred. 
        Glasgow and London: Bakunin Press.
--- (1920-22).
Izbrannye sochineniya, "Golos Truda"
5 Vols. Moscow.
--- (1921-24). Gesammelte Werke.
3 Vols. Berlin.
--- (1921). Ispoved (Confession). Moscow: State Publishing 
--- (1932).
Confession. Traduit du russe par Paulette 
        Brupbacher; avec une introd. de Fritz Brupbacher; et des 
        annotations de Max Nettlau. ed. 
Paris: Editions Rieder.
--- (1934-35) Sobraniye sochinenii i pisem, 1828-1878. ed.
Y.M. Steklov. 4 Vols. Moscow.
--- (l953). The Political Philosophy of Bakunin: Scientific 
. Maximoff, G. P. (Ed.). N.Y: Free Press.
--- (1961-1967). Archives Bakounine. Arranged and 
        edited by A. Lehning.
3 volumes. Volume 1: Michel 
        Bakounine et Italie, 1871-72
. Volume 2: Michel 
        Bakounine et les Conflits dans L'Internationale, 
. Volume 3: Etatisme et Anarchie
        translated by Marcel Brody.
Leiden: E.J. Brill.
--- (1964).
The Political Philosophy of Bakunin.  ed. 
        G.P. Maximoff. New York: Free Press.
--- (196?). The Catechism of the Revolutionist.
        Oakland : Black Panther Party for Self Defense.
--- (1970). Sobranie sochinenii i pisem, 1828-1876 (Collected
        Works and Letters).
, ed. I.M. Steklov. Moscow:  Europe
        Printing Establishment.
--- (1971). Bakunin, ed.G. A. Aldred. London: Haskell House Pub Ltd.
--- (1972). Bakunin on Anarchy, ed. S. Dolgoff. New 
        York: Vintage Books.
--- (1972). Bakunin's Writings. G.A. Aldred, ed.. 
        New York: Kraus Reprint, Indore, 1947.
--- (1972).
De la guerre a la Commune. Textes de 1870-1871
        etablis sur les manuscrits originaux et presentes par 
        Fernand Rude. 
Paris: Editions Anthropos.
--- (1972). "Bakunin and Nechayev: Au Unpublished Letter". 
        Edited by M. Confino. Encounter 39 (July 1972), pp. 81-91; 
        39 (August 1972), pp. 85-93.
--- (1972). European socialism and the problems of war and militarism; 
    a sample of opinions before the First World War, comprising Antipatriotism, 
    by Gustave Herve; La revolution sociale ou la dictature militaire, by 
    Mikhail Bakunin; Internationalism and peace, by Jean Jaures; translated and 
    abridged by A. M. Thompson. With a new introd. for the Garland ed. by Mark 
. New York, Garland. 
--- (1973). Selected Writings. trans. S. Cox and 
        O. Stevens, ed. A. Lehning. New York: Grove Press, 
--- (1974). Michel Bakounine et ses relations slaves, 
Leiden: E. J. Brill. 
--- (1977). The Confession of Mikhail Bakunin: with the marginal
        comments of Tsar Nicholas I
. Translated by Robert C. Howes; 
        Introduction and notes by Lawrence D. Orton.  Ithaca, N.Y.: 
        Cornell University Press.
---  (1981). A critique of State Socialism. With drawings by
         Richard Warren.  Over the Water, Sanday, Orkney, U.K.: 
--- (1990). Marxism, Freedom and the State. Translated and 
        edited with a biographical sketch by K.J. Kenafick. 
        London: Freedom Press. 
--- (1990). Statism and Anarchy. translated and 
        edited by M.S. Shatz. New York: Cambridge University
Cutler, R.M., ed. (1985). From Out of the Dustbin: 
        Bakunin's Basic Writings, 1869-1871
Ann Arbor, 
        Mich: Ardis. 
Reissued as The Basic Bakunin,
        Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1996.

About Bakunin

Avrich, P. (1974). Bakunin and Nechaev. London: 
        Freedom Press.
Berlin, I. (1979). "Herzen and Bakunin on Individual 
        Liberty". in H. Hardy and A. Kelly (eds.). Russian 
. Harmondsworth:
Brupbacher, F. (1979).
Michael Bakunin.  Berlin: 
Carr, E.H.. (1937). Michael Bakunin. London, Macmillan
     and Co., Limited;  New York: Vintage Books, 1961.
Confino, M. (1973). Violence dans la Violence: le 
        d&eacutebate Bakounine-Necaev
. Paris.
Francois, A. (1900). Michel Bakounine et la philosophie 
        de l'anarchie
, Bruxelles, H. Lamertin.
Grossman, L. (1926). Spor o Bakunine i Dostoyevskom
Hepner, B.P. (1950). 
Bakounine et le panslavisme revolutionnaire.
Huch, R. O. (1923). Michael Bakunin und die Anarchie.
--- (1980).  Michael Bakunin.  Frankfurt: 
Kelly, A. (1982).
Mikhail Bakunin: A Study in the 
        Psychology and Politics of Utopianism
. Oxford: 
        Clarendon Press.
Kenafick, K.J. (1948). Michael Bakunin and Karl Marx
Kornilov, A.A. (1915). Molodiye gody Mikhaila Bakunina.
--- (1925). Gody stranstvii Mikhaila Bakunina. Leningrad.
Lehning, A. (1970). From Buonarroti to Bakunin
Leiden, Netherlands: E.J.Brill.
--- (1976).
Michel Bakounine et les Autres
Masters, A. (1974). Bakunin: Father of Anarchism
        New York: Saturday Review Press.
Mendel, A.P. (1981). Michael Bakunin: Roots of 
. New York:
Morris, B. (1993). Bakunin: the Philosophy of Freedom
        Montreal; New York: Black Rose Books.
--- (1996). Bakunin. Consortium Book Sales & Dist.
Nettlau, M. (1896-1900). Michael Bakunin. 3 vols.
         London: Privately printed.
--- (1971).
Miguel Bakunin, la Internacional 
        y La Alianza en Espana (1868-1873)
. Preliminary 
        study by Clara E. Lida. New York: Iberama.
Ostrander, Ellen Logan. (1973). A critique of the theory-praxis 
    relationship in the thought of Bakunin.
Washington, D.C.
Pfitzner, J. (1932). Bakuninstudien
Polonski, V.P. (1920).
Mihkail Aleksandrovich Bakunin.
Pyziur, E. (1955). The Doctrine of Anarchism of 
        Michael A. Bakunin
.  Milwaukee: Marquette 
        University Press.
Ralli, Z. (1909). "Iz moikh vospominanii o M.A. Bakunine," O
Ravindranathan, T.R. (1988). Bakunin and the 
. Kingston, Montreal, Canada: 
        McGill-Queen's University Press.
Resnick, S. (1927). "The Political and Social Theory of 
        Michael Bakunin". American Political Science Review
        21, pp. 270-96.
Saltman, R.B. (1983). The Social and Political 
        Thought of Michael Bakunin
. Westport, CT:
        Greenwood Press.
Steklov, Y. (1926-27). Mikhail Aleksandrovich Bakunin. Ego zhizn
        i deyatelnost, 1814-1876
. Moscow.
Thomas, P. (1980). Karl Marx and the Anarchists.
London: Routledge.

All free hosted sites at must sign-up again. If you have not done so yet, you must by this Saturday, June 16th, or lose your site.Resign-up

Sehr schöne reference page mit links zu Volltexten und archives...

What is the Purpose
of Government?


The Immorality of the State
Published 187?


Michael Bakunin


Editor's Note: Since Bakunin is a pure anarchist, there is absolutely no proper purpose. The state should be destroyed. Now. See Bakunin - What is the State?.

Bakunin vituperates...

This transcendent, super-human, and therefore anti-human morality of States is not only the result of the corruption of men who are charged with carrying on State functions. One might say with greater right that corruption of men is the natural and necessary sequel of the State institution. This morality is only the development of the fundamental principle of the State, the inevitable expression of its inherent necessity. The State is nothing else but the negation of humanity; it is a limited collectivity which aims to take the place of humanity and which wants to impose itself upon the latter as a supreme goal, while everything else is to submit and minister to it.

Send comments to: Revised 12/11/96

Aus dem Englischen.

["The Morning Advertiser" vom 2. September 1853]

An den Redakteur des "Morning Advertiser"

<294> London, 30. August 1853


- den Herren Herzen und Golowin hat es beliebt, die "Neue Rheinische Zeitung", die 1848 und 1849 von mir herausgegeben wurde, mit den Polemiken in Verbindung zu bringen, die zwischen ihnen und "F. M." <"Francis Marx"> in bezug auf Bakunin geführt werden. Sie berichten der englischen Öffentlichkeit, daß die Verleumdung Bakunins ihren Ursprung in jener Zeitung nahm, die sogar gewagt hatte, George Sand als Zeugen anzurufen. Ich mache mir zwar nichts aus den Unterstellungen der Herren Herzen und Golowin, Aber da es zur Lösung der im Zusammenhang mit Michail Bakunin aufgetauchten Frage beitragen kann, möge es mir gestattet sein, die wirklichen Fakten dieses Falls darzulegen:

Creative Quotations from . . .

Mikhail Bakunin
(1814-1876) born on May 30

Russian anarchist. He was a founder of Nihilism and wrote "God and the Sate," 1872-74.

Click below to search thousands of full-text documents for Mikhail Bakunin


Looking for more information on Mikhail Bakunin?



Try CQ's one-click results from ten major search engines
(Yahoo - Lycos - AskJeeves - InfoSeek - GoTo - MSN - NBCi - FindWhat - Excite - AltaVista)

Ask an Expert!
Get paid for what you know!

Find books at - Random Quotes - A&E History Online


From the naturalistic point of view, all men are equal. There are only two exceptions to this rule of naturalistic equality: geniuses and idiots.


The passion for destruction is also a creative passion.


Throw a theory into the fire; it only spoils life.


From each according to his faculties; to each according to his needs.


To revolt is a natural tendency of life. Even a worm turns against the foot that crushes it. In general, the vitality and relative dignity of an animal can be measured by the intensity of its instinct to revolt.

Interessante Volltextergebnisse, aber dafür muß man dann subscriben und alles mögliche im Volltext von USA Today bis irgendwo miterwerben…aber selbst Bakunin scheint Kunden ins Geschäft zu bringen….

K.J. Kenafick, Melbourne, 1950.
From foreword to Marxism, Freedom and the State which he dedicated to 'Chummy' Fleming.

In my book Michael Bakunin and Karl Marx, I stated in a footnote that I intended to reprint certain passages from Bakunin in a booklet to be entitled Marxism, Anarchism and the State. The present work is a fulfilment of that intention; but I have altered the title, because on reflection, I felt that Bakunin was here treating of wider and deeper matters than merely the merits of one political philosophy as against another. He was treating of the whole question of man's freedom in relation to society, to the community.

International Association of Labour History Institutions

IALHI News Service



Bakunin on CD-ROM

The International Institute of Social History presented Mikhail Bakunin's Oeuvres complètes on a CD-ROM containing all known texts written by the Russian anarchist in both the original version and, whenever applicable, a French translation.

The IISH holds a considerable collection of Bakunin's papers, part of which were published in the series Archives Bakounine, edited by Arthur Lehning (1961-81). Yet more than 40 other archival institutions possess from one to many thousands of pages of his manuscripts. All of them have now been brought together on the CD-ROM. Whenever possible, the originals have been reproduced together with the transcripts.

This publication completes a long-time project funded by the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research and the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. The CD-ROM has been developed by the Netherlands Institute of Scientific Information Services and is distributed by Edita, the Academy's publishing house.

ISBN 90 6984 303 X, Price: NLG 995

Information and orders:
Edita-KNAW, P.O. Box 19121, 1000 GC Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Posted: 20 October 2000

Home | About | Members | Conferences | Constitution

Maintained for IALHI by the International Institite of Social History.
Logo adapted from Gerd Arntz's "Barrack Occupation" (1931).
Email Us

Also On This Server:
Labour History Webguide | Russian Archives | Women's History

20 October 2000


McGill-Queen's University Press

Home Page

Book of the Month

Just Published



Join E-Mail List




Bakunin and the Italians
T.R. Ravindranathan

Mikhail Bakunin was a tireless revolutionary; his participation in the Dresden insurrection of 1849 and his quarrels with Karl Marx are well known. Less known is the importance of his role in introducing modern socialist ideas into Italy. Bakunin and the Italians is a study of his activities in Italy, and of his relationships with Garibaldi, Marx, and Engels. It also discusses Bakunin's involvement with Italian radicals who, through his influence, became the earliest proponents of socialism in Italy.

After Bakunin's escape from exile in Siberia in 1861, he established ties with Mazzini, Garibaldi, and other democrats. He also became involved in the Marx-Mazzini dispute over the First International and began to recruit members for his own secret societies in Italy. During this period his position gradually shifted from pan-Slavism toward anarchist socialism.

During his years in Naples (1865-77), Bakunin stressed the need for a complete political and social emancipation of the masses, hoping to show that the policies of Mazzini and Garibaldi were no longer useful to the Italian left. During this period Bakunin undermined Mazzini's position as leader of the Neapolitan republicans.

"By helping us to understand the evolution of left-wing politics in the late 1860s and 1870s, the author provides insights into the political world of late nineteenth-century Italy ... at the cutting edge of current research on nineteenth-century Italian social and political history, particularly with respect to the role of political groups in Italy before the First World War."
Elmiro Argento, Department of History, Carleton University

T.R. Ravindranthan is a member of the Department of History, Pittsburg State University, Kansas.


Published 1988

332 pp

6 x 9



ISBN 0-7735-0646-2



To order this book:
Customers in Canada may call toll-free:
1-800-387-0141 (ON and QC excluding Northwestern ON)
1-800-387-0172 (all other provinces and Northwestern ON)
or by e-mail using a credit card (Visa or Mastercard, including expiry date):
To order by mail or fax please consult
ordering information for Canada.

Customers in the US can order by e-mail (Visa or Mastercard, including expiry date): or Pubnet@2021862. To order by mail or fax please consult ordering information for the US.

Customers in the rest of the world should consult our ordering information.


[Return to Book Search]   [Subject Index]   [Top of Page]   [Return to Homepage]

Meinungsverschiedenheiten zwischen Bakunin und Marx

Beim vierten Kongreß der Internationalen Arbeiter-Assoziation vom 5. bis 12. September in Basel kam es zum offenen Eklat. Bakunin trat als Deligierter der Mechaniker von Neapel auf und forderte gegen Marx vor allem die Gleichmachtung der Klassenm nicht die Eroberung politischer Macht durch die Arbeiterklasse. Die weiteren Meinungsverschiedenheiten zwischen Bakunin und Marx können in sieben Punkten festgehalten werden.

1.      ob das Erbrecht oder das Privateigentum an Produktionsmitteln die Grundlage des Staates sei;

2.      ob die Produktionsmittel sofort sozialisiert, also in Hände von Prodzuentenvereinigungen gegenen, oder verstaatlicht werden sollten;

3.      ob die Deklassierten oder die Industriearbeiter das revolutionärste Element sind;

4.      ob das Zusammenwirken von Denken und Empörung ider der Klassenkampf die entscheidene Triebkraft der Geschichte bildet;

5.      ob die Macht verneint, oder erobert werden soll;

6.      ob die Arbeitervereinigung föderalistisch ider zentralistisch aufzubauen seien;

7.      ob der Mensch ein Produkt der Natur, der gegebenen Verhältnisse und seiner Selbsttätigeit oder nur der gesellschaftlichen Verhältnissen ist.

Auf alle Fragen gab Bakunin die erste und Marx die zweite Antwort. Der Schlagabtausch mündete in eine Kampfabstimmung über zwei Anträge, wie das Erbrecht "nach der Revolution" gestaltet werden sollte: Völlige Abschaffung (Bakunin, 32 Stimmen), Beschränkung (Marx 19 Stimmen) - Enthaltung (24 Stimmen); das waren im wesentlichen Proudhonisten, die es wiederrum fü,r unvereinbar hielten, daß Bakunin gleichzeitg kollektives Eigentum haben wollte und fü,r unbeschrä,nkte individuelle Freiheit eintrat. So gab es keine Absolute Mehrheit, der Schlagabtausch endete unentschieden.

Mikhail Bakunin

Professional Revolutionary, Anarchist (Collectivist)

Subjects: Capitalism | Christianity | Democracy (Representative) | Freedom | God | Life | Militarism | Religion | Slavery | Socialism | State/Government | Unsorted

Bakunin's Son

"In this novel...the reader is treated to a series of interviews that reconstruct a colorful and complex life through the eyes of those who have shared it." (Translation Review)

"Sergio Atzeni is among Italy's most important young writers. Born in Sardinia in 1952, since 1986 he has published five novels, some by Italy's most prestigious publishing houses. Atzeni's novels in their form and content come closest to Antonio Tabucchi's novellas. They suggest a society that resists simplistic applications of some of our most fundamental moral and political assumptions. Corruption is not the flip side of honesty, nor is immorality the mere opposite of morality.

"Set in Sardinia just before and after World War II, Bakunin's Son (published in Italy in 1991) is yet another statement about the intractable conditions of political and social life in post-war Italy. From Paolo Volponi to Atzeni, the writer's view of Italian life and politics does not change much. However, the form of the novel has undergone a radical transformation. Both in its content and form, Bakunin's Son undermines any ideology that purports to rescue Italian society from its long-suffering political and economic stagnation since the war.

"The difficulty of locating a moral or workable center in Italian politics is represented cleverly in the novel by the unconventional use of a multiple narration. The narration is a series of interviews conducted by an anonymous voice who attempts to discover the identity of Bakunin's son, Tullio Saba....." (L'Italo Americano)

            Regia: Gianfranco Cabiddu
Fausto SIDDI, Renato CARPENTIERI, Laura DEL SOL, Massimo Bonetti, Claudio Botosso, Francesca Antonelli, Simona Cavallari, Claudia Fiorentini, Paolo Bonacelli
Sceneggiatura di: Gianfranco Cabiddu
Musiche di: Franco Piersanti
Durata: 96 min. circa
Anno © 1997

Michael Bakunin
Roots of Apocalypse
By Arthur P. Mendel
Praeger Publishers. New York. 1981. 517 pages
LC 81-005168. ISBN 0-275-91699-5. C1699 $72.00
Available (Status Information Updated 6/20/2001)

** Description **

"Mendel's psychobiography is boldly original, clearly important, and not without its own curiosities. It is not a book to gladden the heart of Bakunin worshippers if there are still any around. It is likely neither to resolve issues for historians who take their history neat, nor to reinforce the views of those who believe that the culture of narcissism originated in mid-1970s America. Yet the book makes absorbing reading. Coming from a senior professor of hisory at the University of Michigan with an illustrious publishing record in Russian studies, this study is thoroughly scholarly, with all the strengths and liabilities implied in that term.... the impression is that all available primary sources have been judiciously woven into an integrated narrative that recreates all that possibly can be said of the Russian anarchist's thought, life, and his cultural milieu. Psychoanalytic theories are enlisted to reconstruct the deeper structures, conflicts, and their consequences for the subject's psyche...."

Journal of Psychohistory

Illinois vs. August Spies et al. trial evidence book. People's Exhibit 54.
The Alarm (Newspaper) article, "Bakunin's Ground-Work for the Social Revolution," 1885 Dec. 26

8 p.
Introduced Vol. K p. 647, 1886 July 30.

People's Exhibit 54, Page 1

The Revolutionary Underclass of Bakunin and Marcuse

Chris McDonald

Anarchist Studies 5(1997): 3-21

Herbert Marcuse's challenge to 'orthodox' Marxist theory echoes the libertarian thinking of Michael Bakunin. Both theorists posit the revolutionary potential of an 'underclass'. Late capitalism, in de-radicalising and co-opting the industrial proletariat, has simultaneously recreated this underclass. The existence and revolutionary potential of this underclass in a modern context is discussed, with particular reference to the need for a directing consciousness, and to the instinctive 'will to revolt'. It is concluded that despite the difficulties raised by the issue of consciousness, this group might, as Bakunin argued, embody a revolutionary potential which challenges the 'one dimensional' nature of modern society and late capitalism.

Tytuł: Bakunin i anarchizm
  Autor: Bertrand Russell
  Oryginał: częœć ksišżki "Drogi do wolnoœci", Londyn, 1919
  Tłumaczenie : ???
  Wydanie polskie:
Wydawnictwo Red Rat , Zielona Gora, 1999
  Kontakt z bibliotekš:


W pojęciu ogółu anarchista to osobnik, który rzuca bomby i popełnia inne gwałty albo dlatego, że jest w mniejszym lub większym stopniu niepoczytalny, albo też dlatego że pod płaszczem skrajnych poglądów politycznych ukrywa zbrodnicze skłonności. Zapatrywanie to jest naturalnie pod każdym względem nieścisłe. Niektórzy anarchiści wierzą w skuteczność rzucania bomb, wielu zaś innych tej wiary nie


Aquí teneís varios fragmentos (separados por los asteriscos) de la obra Dios Y el Estado, seleccionados y preparados por Inma. Muchísimas gracias, un besote.

The Priamukhino Archives

Manuscript Division of the Institute of Russian Literature (Institut Russkoi Literatury -- Pushkinskii Dom [PD]), St. Petersburg: Priamukhino Archive: PD, fond 16.

State Archive of Kalinin Province (Gosudarstvennyi arkhiv Kalininskoi oblasti [GAKO]), Tver: Tver Archive Commission: GAKO, fond 103. Bakunin Family Papers: GAKO, fond 1407.

State Archive of the Russian Federation (Gosudarstvennyi arkhiv Rossisskoi Federatsii [GARF]), Moscow: Bakunin Family Papers: GARF, fond 825.


The Bakunins:

An interactive family album, based on the Bakunin family archives.

In 1779, the Bakunins, a well-placed noble family, bought a small serf estate in central Russia. Abandoning life at court for private life in the countryside, the Bakunins joined other members of the nobility in taking advantage of a unique liberty--not to serve the throne--offered to Russia's ruling class in 1762.

Within a decade, the family faced financial ruin. Yet under the leadership of the family's youngest son, the Bakunins rescued their estate Priamukhino and carved out a uniquely 'enlightened' family tradition there. Indeed, neither princely blood nor distinction in service ever brought the Bakunins the position in Russian cultural history they acquired at Priamukhino.

More than any other family, the Bakunins came to illustrate both the promise and paradox of Russia's first free society--the nobility. What were the limits of even the most cultivated liberty in an unjust society? What kind of civilization, what kind of progress, could grow from the foundation of serfdom? Witnessed by 19th century Russia's most acute critics, the Bakunins' private drama colored the emergence of Russian liberalism and radicalism.


The Marriage of Innocence and Tenderness
The Marriage of Innocence
and Tenderness

Can duty and desire be wed?


The Good Creature
The Good Creature

Who is to blame?



Mikhail Bakunin (Self-Portrait)
Mikhail Bakunin
(Self Portrait, ca. 1830)

Mikhail to Aleksandr Mikhailovich, December 1837.

Dear father,

[...]Now I will turn to the description of all the chief events of my life and the life of our family, and I repeat, that only the urgency of our situation and the complete absence of all other means to resurrect a true and actual harmony between us forces me to this painful return to the past.[...]

At the time of Diakov's proposal Varvara changed her long-standing resolution never to marry and asked you to offer him her hand. She thought, as did we all, that you required a sacrifice, and she decided to be that sacrifice to save our sisters. I wrote her then that this was ridiculous, foolish. But perhaps it was only natural. Before her eyes Priamukhino's harmony was being destroyed; she saw how Liubasha suffered as you tried to force her, as the eldest, to marry. She decided to sacrifice herself in order to restore harmony to our home. She decided this, not understanding marriage, not understanding, that marriage is a sacrament. She thought that marriage was a means, and not an end; she didn't realize, that a true Christian marriage is held together and blessed only by love, and that that woman commits sacrilege, who marries for any other reason.

The Good Creature

From the archives of The Memory Hole

More Anti-Statism: In Summary

The following short passage appears at the beginning of Noam Chomsky's For Reasons of State, a superb analysis of the most telling Pentagon Papers—the Pentagon's own history of U.S. involvement in Indochina. It was lifted from Federalism, Socialism, Anti-Theologism by Michael Bakunin.

For Reasons of State

by Michael Bakunin

The State is the organized authority, domination, and power of the possessing classes over the masses the most flagrant, the most cynical, and the most complete negation of humanity. It shatters the universal solidarity of all men on the earth, and brings some of them into association only for the purpose of destroying, conquering, and enslaving all the rest.

Federalism, Socialism, Anti-Theologism

“Federalism, Socialism, Anti-Theologism” was presented as a “Reasoned Proposal to the Central Committee of the League for Peace and Freedom, by M. Bakunin, Geneva.” The League was an international bourgeois-pacifist organization founded in September 1867 to head off a war between Prussia and France over Luxembourg which threatened to engulf all Europe. Among the sponsors of the League were Victor Hugo, Garibaldi, John Stuart Mill, and other prominent individuals. At the first congress held in Geneva; Bakunin delivered a long address. The text was either lost or destroyed and Bakunin wrote this work in the form of a speech, never finished, like most of his works. It was divided into three parts. The first and second parts, which follow, deal with federalism and socialism, respectively; the third part, on “anti-theologism,” is omitted here, except for the diatribe against Rousseau's theory of the state. Bakunin analyzes Rousseau's doctrine of the social contract, makes distinctions between state and society, and discusses the relationship between the individual and the community, and the nature of man in general.


Michail Alexandrovič Bakunin

Předložený text je autentickou vstupní částí rozsáhlejšího výboru z článků a projevů Michaila Bakunina (1814 - 1876). Pod ryze bakuninovským názvem Svoboda jej v roce 1965 vydal J. J. Pauvert v pověstné edici Libertés, jejíž podtitul je naprosto jednoznačný: Bojová literatura všech dob a všech tendencí. Mezi jejími autory nacházíme známá jména, kupříkladu Hugo, Zola, Darien, Panizza, Breton... Vlastní výbor uspořádal znalec a zasvěcený komentátor Bakuninovy osobnosti a díla Francois Muňoz.

Většinu svých textů napsal Bakunin přímo ve francouzštině. Právě tyto práce vyšly v šestisvazkovém souboru v pařížském nakladatelství Stock v letech 1895 až 1913. Lidé a svoboda je tématickou koláží z uvedeného korpusu a zachycuje části a fragmenty projevů a článků z let 1867 až 1871.

Člověk nabývá svého lidství prosazováním a uskutečňováním vlastní svobody ve světě






Anarchism, as its derivation indicates, is the theory which is opposed to every kind of forcible government. It is opposed to the State as the embodiment of the force employed in the government of the community. Such government as Anarchism can tolerate must be free government, not merely in the sense that it is that of a majority, but in the sense that it is that assented to by all. Anarchists object to such institutions as the police and the criminal law, by means of which the will of one part of the community is forced upon another part. In their view, the democratic form of government is not very enormously preferable to other forms so long as minorities are compelled by force or its potentiality to submit to the will of majorities. Liberty is the supreme good in the Anarchist creed, and liberty is sought by the direct road of abolishing all forcible control over the individual by the community.


(excerpted from Bakunin On Anarchism edited by Samuel Dolgoff, published by Black Rose Books)

Mikhail Bakunin and Karl Marx clashed ideologically on the basis of state socialism versus what later became anarchism--a dispute which culminated in Bakunin (and his followers) getting ousted from the International Workingmen's Association, at the time the largest proletarian organization in existence, having millions of members. Below are excerpts from Bakunin's attack on Marx's notions of how to arrive at socialism.

Excerpts from Bakunin on Anarchism, pp. 286-307.

The following article appeared in Communist Voice #6, Jan. 15, 1996 (vol. 2 #1).

Ideology of the 5th Estate:

Bakuninism -- backward politics
under the guise of no politics

by Pete Brown

. The Detroit anarchist newspaper Fifth Estate (FE) encouraged us in CVO to look at the writings of Mikhail Bakunin, with the thought that as soon as we did, we would immediately drop Marxism and adopt anarchism. So I recently did some reading of Bakunin, especially his book, Statism and Anarchy. (1) But reading it doesn't make me want to rush into adopting anarchism.

Germanophobia and Anti-Semitism

. First of all, let me just note the major stumbling block to reading Bakunin: his ultra-nationalist and racialist phrases. Bakunin purports to be an internationalist, but on every political question he gives a nationalist twist to it. His basic orientation is: Germans are bad, Slavs are good. And he throws in "the Yids" (Jews) with the Germans as even worse than bad. Marx, as a German Jew, is of course the worst of the worst. At his worst, Bakunin actually gives this kind of argument against Marx: Marx is sly and sneaky and domineering because he's a German Jew.This kind of thing makes you wonder why anyone would recommend reading Bakunin.

O Estado: Alienação e Natureza

Mikhail Bakunin

Mikhail Bakunin

O Estado, como já disse, é, pelo seu próprio princípio: um imenso cemitério onde vêm sacrificar-se, morrer enterrar-se todas as manifestações da vida individual e local, todos os interesses parciais de cujo conjunto deriva a sociedade. É o altar onde a liberdade real e o bem-estar dos povos são imolados à grandeza política e quanto mais esta imolação é completa, tanto mais o Estado é perfeito. Há a convicção de que o


by Philip Billingsley

1. Introduction:

When the Tokugawa shogunate opened the doors of Japan at cannon-point in the mid-1850s, it could hardly have known that one of the first ‘barbarians’ to take advantage of its decision would be none other than Michael Bakunin, the fiery radical and bane of Europe’s princely houses who would in the last years of his life come to be known as the "Father of Anarchism". Nor indeed could the Shogunate’s nemesis, Commodore Matthew Perry of the United States Navy have foreseen, when his four heavily-armed ‘black ships’ first heaved to off Uraga Bay near present-day Tokyo in 1853, that a side-effect of his expedition would be to usher in a new phase of European revolution. Bakunin’s sudden arrival, via Yokohama, at the London home-in-exile of the Russian liberal Alexander Herzen in December 1861, when he ought to have been set for safe burial beneath the Siberian permafrost, set governments and financiers throughout Europe shuddering at what they perceived to be the resurrection of the Devil Incarnate. Within a few years their fears were proven to have been only too well founded.

Whatever its subsequent effect upon the Asian political world, America’s westward expansion to the shores of Japan was certainly a triumph of fate for Michael Alexandrovich Bakunin (1814-1876), the aristocratically-born Russian who embodies perhaps more than any other person the free spirit of European radicalism. But for this fortuitous event, Bakunin, who had been imprisoned since 1849 and permanently exiled to Siberia in 1857, would almost certainly have remained a victim of the Tsarist Gulag until the combined effects of prison scurvy and semi-Arctic cold claimed his ravaged body. Ironically, he might have rendered an additional prayer of gratitude to the Tsar of All the Russias himself: the Tsar’s messengers, after knocking unsuccessfully at Japan’s northern and western gates for a century or more before Perry’s arrival, finally followed their rival’s example and found the front door all but unguarded. Not surprisingly, though, Bakunin did not waste any time in showing his appreciation during his flight, and idled long enough in Japan only to await the arrival of a ship that would take him out again and across the Pacific. In the meantime, as far as can be judged, he whiled away his hours in Yokohama on the first snooker table ever seen in Japan, and sampled the cellar of a hotel bar, also the first of its kind in that country.

Bakunin’s 25,000-mile Trans-Pacific flight from exile in the summer of 1861 was not only unprecedented in the annals of Siberia, but also one of the longest escapes on record anywhere. How did he do it? How did he manage to pull off such an escape when he should have been one of the most heavily marked men in Siberia? Were there any accomplices, and, if so, what part did they play? Why did he remain so conspicuously silent about his accomplishments, leaving the details to be pieced together by historians? There are no easy answers to any of these questions. As Bakunin’s biographer E.H. Carr has pointed out, the great revolutionary’s mysterious escape inevitably sparked off rumours of "dishonourable" conduct, particularly among those who wished him no good. Marx’s later followers, pointing to the fawning tone of Bakunin’s Confession to the Tsar in the early days of his confinement following his arrest in 1849, liked to speculate that his release had been deliberately engineered by the Tsar in order to confound their own methodical plans for revolution.(1) 1. This, of course, is nonsense, fuelled by a mixture of malice and paranoia, since Bakunin’s struggle with Marx for the loyalty of the European revolutionary movement did not begin until long after he was safely back in Europe. Yet Bakunin himself, hardly a man to sit down and write his memoirs, has done little or nothing to throw light on what really happened.

Daughter of a Revolutionary (Natalie Herzen and the Bakunin-Nechayev Circle)

Sous titre : - Fille d'un révolutionnaire(Nathalie Herzen et le cercle Bakounine-Netchaïev)

Auteur : CONFINO Michael

Lieu d'édition : Londres

Editeur : Alcove Press

Année d'édition : 1974

Nombre de pages : 416 p

Cote CHT : L Ang 30 Dz (cda)

God and the State nochmal im Volltext

Search Results

There were 40 matches to your query: `bakunin'
Matches 1 through 25 follow:

Political Biographies

Political Biographies Aarons, Eric and Laurie Eric born Marrickville; their father's parents had been VSP members and he a CPA member. Eric joined the YCL... (36.5k) ["bakunin"=12]

No Title

ic156107txt FREEDOM IN FREEDOM by George Walford Interest in theory grows with ideological development. The expedient group hardly attempts to justify its behaviour, while towards... (23.6k) ["bakunin"=6]

Prominent Anarchists and Left-Libertarians

Prominent Anarchists and Left-Libertarians The following are all individuals who have distinguished themselves in the past and present by opposing various forms of coercion, authority... (59.1k) ["bakunin"=6]

The Historical Fate of Hegel's Doctrine

The Historical Fate of Hegel's Doctrine The Expurgation of Hegelianism Once we have read what Hegel has to tell us, and found a way of... (93.5k) ["bakunin"=4]

Famous Dead Non-theists

Advertisement Famous Dead Non-theists A list of famous dead people who have rejected God and religion. This list celebrates people throughout history who have advocated... (130.7k) ["bakunin"=3]

Michail Bakunin (1814-1876)

Gosudarstvennost'i Anarchjia (1873)

Lit.: Aldred, G. A.: Bakunin, New York 1971; Arvon, H.: Bakounine: absolu et révolution, Paris 1972; Avrich, P.: Bakunin & Nechaev, London 1987; Carr, E. H.: Michael Bakunin, London 1937; Confino, M.: Violence dans la violence; le débat Bakounine-Necaev, Paris 1973; Crowder, G.: Classical Anarchism. The Political Thought of Godwin, Proudhon, Bakunin, and Kropotkin, Oxford/New York 1991; Eckhardt, W.: Michail A. Bakunin (1814-1876) : Bibliographie der Primär- und Sekundärliteratur in deutscher Sprache, Berlin 1994; François, A.: Michel Bakounine et la philosophie de l'anarchie, Brüssel 1900; Huch, R.: Michael Bakunin und die Anarchie, Leipzig 1923; Lehning, A.: Michel Bakounine et ses relations avec Sergej Necaev, 1870-1872, Leiden 1971; Masters, A.: Bakunin , the Father of Anarchism, London 1974; Morris, B.: Bakunin . The Philosophy of Freedom, Montreal/New York 1993; Nettlau, M.: Bakunin. Eine Biographie, Berlin 1901; Pfitzner, J.: Bakuninstudien . Quellen und Forschungen aus dem Gebiete der Geschichte, Berlin 1977; Pyzier, E.: The Doctrine of Anarchism of M. A. Bakunin, Milwaukee 1955; Saltman, R. B.: The Social and Political Thought of Michael Bakunin, Westport, Conn. 1983; Scheibert, P.: Von Bakunin zu Lenin. Geschichte der russischen revolutionären Ideologien, 1840-1895, Leiden 1956-.

Liceo scientifico "G.Parodi"


Esame di maturità Anno scolastico 1996-97



Alunna: Manuela MORETTI

Classe V A

Etica y poder político en M. Bakunin
Demetrio Velasco

ISBN: 84-7485-296-X.
246 págs. 15 x 22 cm. Bilbao, 1993

Ptas. 2.837/2.950
Euros 17,05/17,73

Miguel Bakunin: esbozo de biografía intelectual. –El materialismo en la obra de Bakunin. –El universo moral de Bakunin. –La paradoja del poder político. –Epílogo.,5716,12034+1+11885,00.html


Bakunin, Mikhail Aleksandrovich

The first collection of Bakunin's writings was published in six volumes in French between 1895 and 1913; a complete Russian edition of writings and letters was planned, but only the first four volumes down to 1861 were published (1934-36). A complete edition of the later writings, edited by Arthur Lehning, began publication in 1961 by the Instituut voor Sociale Geschiedenis, Amsterdam. Selected works in English translation were published in G.P. Maximoff (ed.), Political Philosophy of Bakunin (1953); Sam Dolgoff (ed.), Bakunin on Anarchy (1972); and S. Cox and O. Stevens (eds.), Selected Writings (1974, from the Lehning edition). Bakunin has not been well served by biographers: Max Nettlau's manuscript biography (in German), Michael Bakunin, 3 vol. (1896-1900), based on a large mass of documents, was distributed to the main European libraries; Y. Steklov's biography (in Russian), 4 vol. (1926-27), is unfriendly and Marxist; E.H. Carr, Michael Bakunin (1937), is the best in English.

<< Previous

Click here for a list of other articles that contain information on this subject

Contents of this article:


The Capitalist System

by Michael Bakunin

FREE Business Opportunity!

This pamphlet is an excerpt from The Knouto-Germanic Empire and the Social Revolution and included in The Complete Works of Michael Bakunin under the title "Fragment." Parts of the text were originally translated into English by G.P. Maximoff for his anthology of Bakunin's writings, with missing paragraphs translated by Jeff Stein from the Spanish edition, Diego Abad de Santillan, trans. (Buenos Aires 1926) vol. III, pp. 181-196.

graswurzelrevolution 252 · oktober 2000 · libertäre buchseiten

" ... wo der Staat beginnt, endet die Freiheit des Individuums, und umgekehrt." (1)

Erstmals in deutscher Sprache: "Die revolutionäre Frage. Föderalismus, Sozialismus, Antitheologismus" von Michael Bakunin

Michael Bakunin: "Die revolutionäre Frage. Föderalismus, Sozialismus, Antitheologismus". Aus dem Französischen von Michael Halfbrodt. Herausgegeben von Wolfgang Eckhardt. Band 6 der Reihe "Klassiker der Sozialrevolte" (hrsg. v. Jörn Essig-Gutschmidt), UNRAST-Verlag, Münster 2000

Anarchistyczny Magazyn Autorów "Mać Pariadka" nr 3-4/98


Czy Michał Bakunin był anarchistą? Ktoś mógłby podać to w wątpliwość po przeczytaniu jego Katechizmu Rewolucyjnego (1), gdzie ów ojciec anarchokolektywizmu opisując pożądaną organizację "rewolucyjnej federacji" wymienia takie instytucje, jak rząd, parlament i sąd międzynarodowy, narodowy, prowincjonalny, armię narodową (wspominając o tym, że


Słownik => Postacie => Bakunin

Bakunin Michaił Aleksandrowicz (1814-1876), rosyjski rewolucjonista, twórca i ideolog anarchizmu kolektywistycznego. 1832-1835 w armii carskiej. W drugiej połowie lat 30-tych związany z kółkiem N.W. Stankiewicza. Od 1840 w na emigracji w Niemczech, Belgii Francji i Szwajcarii. W Paryżu 1844 zbliżył się P. Pruodona. Poznał także K. Marksa i F. Engelsa. Zaocznie skazany (1844) przez rosyjski Senat na utratę praw obywatelskich i zsyłkę na Syberię. W XI.1847 uczestniczył w zebraniu upamiętniającym powstanie listopadowe


The Philosophy of Freedom

Brian Morris

The life and thought of Bakunin has contemporary relevance, particularly for his definitions of freedom. This book confirms that his holistic thinking was dominated by a desire to achieve a unity of theory and practice.

Everything about him is colossal...he is full of a primitive exuberance and strength.
Richard Wagner

Brian Morris holds a doctorate from the London School of Economics and Political Science. He teaches at Goldsmith's College, University of London and has published Anthropological Studies of Religion and Western Conceptions of the Individual.

Marxism Freedom and the State

Translated and Edited with a Biographical Sketch by

K. J. Kenafick

First published in 1950 by Freedom Press. Scanned in and put in HTML format by Greg Alt ( on January 15, 1996. There was no copyright notice found in the 1984 printing by Freedom Press. All of the text except for the footnotes, foreword, and biography were written by Mikhail Bakunin and translated and edited by Kenafick. I have tried to fix all the errors resulting from scanning, but be aware that there are probably a few left]

???? ????-???
Die Zusammenfassung dieser Koreanisch Seite enthält Zeichen, die mit diesem Zeichensatz bzw. dieser Spracheinstellung nicht richtig wiedergegeben werden können. - 28k - Im Archiv - Ähnliche Seiten

???? ????? ?? ??
Die Zusammenfassung dieser Koreanisch Seite enthält Zeichen, die mit diesem Zeichensatz bzw. dieser Spracheinstellung nicht richtig wiedergegeben werden können. - 2k - Im Archiv - Ähnliche Seiten

?????? ????????????? ???????
Die Zusammenfassung dieser Russisch Seite enthält Zeichen, die mit diesem Zeichensatz bzw. dieser Spracheinstellung nicht richtig wiedergegeben werden können. - 44k - Im Archiv - Ähnliche Seiten

????? ??????
Die Zusammenfassung dieser Russisch Seite enthält Zeichen, die mit diesem Zeichensatz bzw. dieser Spracheinstellung nicht richtig wiedergegeben werden können. - 2k - Im Archiv - Ähnliche Seiten

Die Zusammenfassung dieser Japanisch Seite enthält Zeichen, die mit diesem Zeichensatz bzw. dieser Spracheinstellung nicht richtig wiedergegeben werden können. - 2k - Im Archiv - Ähnliche Seiten

???????/title> ???????/h1> ???/b> ...
Die Zusammenfassung dieser Chinesisch (Traditionell) Seite enthält Zeichen, die mit diesem Zeichensatz bzw. dieser Spracheinstellung nicht richtig wiedergegeben werden können. - 2k - Im Archiv - Ähnliche Seiten

OBYWATEL.PL. ERROR 404: Podany adres nie istnieje na serwerze
Je?li masz jakie? pytania - napisz do nas list. Powrót. ... - 3k - Im Archiv - Ähnliche Seiten

St. Joe Valley Greens Links

Anarchism is derived from the Greek for "no ruler." Anarchist thought is central to the Greens movement around the world. Please take time to read both Mikhail Bakunin and Murry Bookchin. Bakunin is a founding father of anarchism, and Bookchin wed anarchism to ecology (social ecology) and influenced the Greens.

Anarchist Resources

[Texts ||| Links]


God and the State, by Mikhail Bakunin

The Immorality of the State, by Mikhail Bakunin

The Libertarian As Conservative, by Bob Black

The Failure of Christianity, by Emma Goldman

The Philosophy of Atheism, by Emma Goldman

Anarchism, by Peter Kropotkin

Anarchy, by Errico Malatesta

The Anarchism FAQ by various authors [off-site]

An asterisk (*) indicates that a link is down or missing. If someone knows the correct link, please let me know.


tja da gibts viele nochmal, die hier schon auftauchten…für die, die nie genug kriegen können...


ANOTHER RADICAL doctrine developed during the period of the 1830s-- anarchism. Anarchism is often considered to represent current of radical thought that is truly democratic and libertarian. It is hailed in some quarters as the only true political philosophy freedom. The reality is quite different. From its inception anarchism has been a profoundly anti-democratic doctrine. Indeed the two most important founders of anarchism, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon and Michael Bakunin, developed theories that were elitist and authoritarian to the core. While later anarchists may have abandoned some of the excesses' of their founding fathers their philosophy remains hostile to ideas of mass democracy and workers' power.

Il 10 gennaio 1864 Bakunin si recò in Italia, proveniente da Londra, munito di valide credenziali rilasciategli da Mazzini e Aurelio Saffi. Il suo primo pensiero fu quello d'incontrarsi con Garibaldi, manifestando questo suo intendimento ad Agostino Bertani col quale s'era intrattenuto a Genova.

L'incontro di Bakunin con Garibaldi, a Caprera, avvenne il 20 gennaio successivo e si prolungò per tre giorni. Le fonti d'informazione sono piuttosto avare circa il contenuto dei colloqui tra l'agitatore russo e l'Eroe, certamente però i discorsi furono incentrati sulle vicende della Polonia che tanto premevano al Bakunin, come di sicuro non sarà sfuggita la questione romana tanto cara a Garibaldi. In ogni modo egli si espresse in termini di adesione alle argomentazioni di Bakunin relativamente alle vicende polacche, riconfermando la sua disponibilità a sacrificare finanche la vita "per la libertà di tutti i popoli".

Inutile seguire Bakunin nel suo itinerario successivo allorchè recatosi dapprima a Firenze ebbe rapporti con Giuseppe Mazzini e con esponenti della Massoneria quali Ludovico Frapolli, Luigi Castellazzo e altri; indi a Napoli dove in pratica s'adoperò per costituire la sezione partenopea dell'Internazionale.

Elisabeth Dmitrieff (1851-1918)

Elisabeth Dmitrieff (auch bekannt unter ihrem Ehenamen Elisabeth Tomanovskaia ) stammte aus einer wohlhabenden russischen Familie - sie war die uneheliche Tochter einer deutschstämmigen Krankenschwester und eines russischen Großgrundbesitzers. Obwohl ihr Vater sie und ihre vier Schwestern und Brüder nicht als eheliche Kinder anerkannte, erklärte er sie doch für erbberechtigt. Ende der sechziger Jahre orientierte sich Dmitrieff zunehmend an der revolutionären Bewegung und trennte sich von ihrem Elternhaus. 1869 ging sie eine Scheinehe ein, die ihr die Ausreise nach Westeuropa ermöglichte.

Elisabeth Dmitrieff trat wohl um die Jahreswende 1869/1870 in Kontakt zur Genfer Internationale - im Alter von nur 19 Jahren.


Als Elisabeth Dmitrieff nach Genf übersiedelte, traf sie also auf eine relativ große russische Exilgemeinde, die höchst offen für Fragen des Geschlechterverhältnisses war. Das einheitliche Bild, mit dem die ‘Russen’ bislang aufgetreten waren, steckte jedoch in einer Krise. Etwa ein Jahr lang - von Herbst 1867 bis Herbst 1868 - hatte diese Gruppe um Zoja Obolenska offenbar relativ harmonisch zusammengelebt , doch dann kam es zu einem Konflikt zwischen Bakunin und Utin, der sich im Lauf der Jahre zu einer erbitterten Feindschaft entwickelte. Worum es dabei aber inhaltlich ging, ist bis heute letztlich ungeklärt. Ziemlich kurios ist zum Beispiel die Erklärung, Bakunin sei „ungewöhnlich eifersüchtig auf sexuell starke Männer" gewesen. Fest steht nur, daß Bakunin und die anderen Gründungsmitglieder der Allianz Nikolai Utin im Herbst 1868 die Aufnahme in die Allianz der Sozialistischen Demokratie verweigerten, ob-wohl er gemeinsam mit ihnen aus der Friedens- und Freiheitsliga ausgetreten war. Zum Konflikt kam es dann auch über ein Zeitungsprojekt, das unter dem Titel „Narodnoje Delo" (Die Sache des Volkes) die Ideen der Internationale in russischer Sprache propagieren sollte. Die erste Ausgabe war von Joukowski und Bakunin redigiert worden, die versuchten, die Anhängerinnen und Anhänger des inzwischen in Si-birien gefangen gehaltenen Tschernischewski für die Arbeit in der Internationale zu gewinnen.

Volltexte von Bakunin bis Malatesta, Rudolf Rocker und Oscar Wilde uvam unter den Links ein Yoga-Yogi-Superrelax-link

vielleicht mal Franz Fanon:

Wretched of the Earth

Speech by Frantz Fanon at the Congress of Black African Writers, 1959


The Growth of Anarchism in Spain

An Italian by the name of Giuseppi Fanelli was instrumental in bringing the ideology

of Anarchism to Spain. A follower of the Russian anarchist Mikhail Bakunin, he traveled through Spain

during the late 1860's, sowing the seeds of Bakunin's 'Idea". The fact that Fanelli and Anarchism were

Arthur Arnould

French member of the First International & the Paris Commune, anarchist & companion of Michael Bakunin. Born in Dieuze (the Moselle) April 17, 1833; November 26, 1895.

After his university studies, Arthur Arnould became a journalist for a variety of opposition newspapers.

In 1871 Arnould was elected a member of the Paris Commune of Paris, delegated to teaching. Here he opposed the Committee of Public Safety, seeing in it the nascent outline of a dictatorship.

Carlo Cafiero

Born in Barletta in 1846, Cafiero the politician died in 1892 in Nocera Inferiore.  He was of noble descent and initially joint the diplomatic core.  He left his diplomatic carrier to follow his revolutionary ideology.  As a result of Cafiero's personal acquaintance with Marx and Engels he joined the first fraction of the "Internazionale" and subsequently Bakunin's anarchism.  He was elected president of the anarchist congress of Rimini and personally substantially financed the movement.  He was implicated in the insurrection of Benevento in 1877 and was consequently imprisoned.  Cafiero died in a mental institution.


Carlo Cafiero was born September 1, 1846 in Barletta, Italy.  He was the son of a wealthy family of Southern Italian bourgeoisie i.e. nobility. Carlo was considered the 'black sheep' of the family.  He became a revolutionary early in his life and eventually supported and joined the international and later became the leader of the Italian anarchist movement.

Mid-Atlantic Infoshop

Internet Anarchist University

The Internet Anarchist University aims to provide information on anarchism and anarchist ideas to students, teachers, activists, journalists, and so on. Anarchism has a long history, going back over a century, and can be found around the world. Please keep in mind that anarchism have no offical dogma, so there will often be opposing, confusing, clashing, and bizarre viewpoints.

Hier wird was geboten zu Anarchy von Bakunin bis Kropotkin und Thoreau oder Trotsky alles VOLLTEXT

Einiges zu Grawitz und Eckhardt-Ausgabe bei Karin Kramer...Fölletong..

kramer1.jpg (16225 Byte)


"Seit Bakunin hat es in Europa keinen radikalen Begriff von Freiheit mehr gegeben." (Walter Benjamin)

Am 1. Juli 1876 ist Michaïl Bakunin in Bern gestorben.
Am 1. Juli 2001 jährt sich Bakunins Todestag zum 125. Mal.
Die Firma für soziale PLASTIK wird am 1. Juli 2001 den 1. PRIX MICHAÏL für Freiheit verleihen.

Was ist Freiheit? Was ist Freiheit für wen? Was tun wir mit unserer Freiheit?
Mit Fragen wie diesen und dem Prix MICHAÏL soll
1) diese zentrale Frage des Menschseins aufgeworfen und diskutiert werden
2) dem grössten Freiheitsliebenden Europas und seiner verlorenen und gewonnenen Kämpfe gedacht werden.

Mit der Prix MICHAÏL will die Firma für soziale PLASTIK einen Beitrag leisten, den Begriff "Freiheit" wieder einmal zu überdenken.

Im Rahmen des Kulturfestes Auftakt 2000 vom 18. - 20. August findet die erste Aktion zum Prix-Michaïl statt: Der Freiheiten-Tisch